This transport uses the aiohttp library and allows you to send GraphQL queries using the HTTP protocol.

Reference: gql.transport.aiohttp.AIOHTTPTransport


GraphQL subscriptions are not supported on the HTTP transport. For subscriptions you should use the websockets transport.

import asyncio

from gql import Client, gql
from gql.transport.aiohttp import AIOHTTPTransport

async def main():

    transport = AIOHTTPTransport(url="")

    # Using `async with` on the client will start a connection on the transport
    # and provide a `session` variable to execute queries on this connection
    async with Client(
    ) as session:

        # Execute single query
        query = gql(
            query getContinents {
              continents {

        result = await session.execute(query)


There are multiple ways to authenticate depending on the server configuration.

  1. Using HTTP Headers

transport = AIOHTTPTransport(
    headers={'Authorization': 'token'}
  1. Using HTTP Cookies

You can manually set the cookies which will be sent with each connection:

transport = AIOHTTPTransport(url=url, cookies={"cookie1": "val1"})

Or you can use a cookie jar to save cookies set from the backend and reuse them later.

In some cases, the server will set some connection cookies after a successful login mutation and you can save these cookies in a cookie jar to reuse them in a following connection (See issue 197):

jar = aiohttp.CookieJar()
transport = AIOHTTPTransport(url=url, client_session_args={'cookie_jar': jar})